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Best Lens

The Best Lenses for Every Type of Photography

Choosing the right camera lens is essential for capturing high-quality images. There are a lot of choices for lenses, so it can be hard to know which one is right for your photography. In this article, we will list the best lenses for various types of photography. This will help you choose the right lens for your next photo shoot.

Portrait Photography

Portrait photography captures who someone is, their emotions, and how they feel in a photo. Portrait photography aims to capture the subject’s essence in well-framed shots. It often involves close-up shots to highlight facial features and emotions.

portrait photography

Best Lenses for Portraits

Prime lenses have big openings and take clear pictures. A prime lens with a focal length of 85-135mm is great for taking portraits. A telephoto lens lets you take faraway photos, so people can pose comfortably and naturally.

The large aperture also provides a beautiful bokeh effect, making the subject stand out against a smoothly blurred background.

Budget-Friendly Options

Not everyone can afford to invest in a high-end prime lens, especially when starting out. Fortunately, there are budget-friendly options like the 50mm lens, which is often referred to as the “nifty fifty.” This lens is versatile, affordable, and produces a shallow depth of field that is suitable for portrait photography. It’s a great entry-level lens that can also be used effectively in various photography genres.

Lens Distortion and Portraits

Understanding lens distortion is crucial for portrait photographers. Longer focal lengths like the 85mm or 135mm help minimize distortion, which can otherwise make facial features appear unnatural. These lengths make the subject stand out and the background look closer.

When using a 50mm lens, it is important to avoid shooting too close to the subject to prevent any distortion.

Landscape Photography

Landscape photography is about taking pictures of beautiful natural places like mountains, oceans, and forests. A type of photography that aims to show the beauty of nature, capturing the small details of the land and the sky.

Landscape Photography

Wide-Angle Lenses for Expansive Views

Wide-angle lenses are the top choice for landscape photography as they allow you to capture a wider field of view. A lens with a focal length of 14-24mm is ideal for capturing expansive landscapes, providing a sense of vastness and scale. These lenses are also great for including foreground interest in your compositions, adding depth to the scene.

Versatile Zoom Lenses

A 24-70mm zoom lens is good for landscape photographers who want to take different kinds of pictures without switching lenses a lot. This lens is good for taking pictures of landscapes. It can zoom in a little to focus on specific parts of the landscape. A 24-70mm lens is great for travel photos because it can capture any kind of picture easily.

Avoiding Distortion

With wide-angle lenses, paying attention to the corners of your image is vital to avoid distortion. Barrel distortion can cause straight lines to appear curved, which can be particularly distracting in landscape photography. Editing can fix distortion, but using a lens with less distortion is better. Be careful when taking photos to reduce distortion.

Wildlife Photography

Wildlife photography is a specialized genre that focuses on capturing animals in their natural habitats. It requires patience, skill, and the right equipment. Wildlife photographers wait a long time for the right moment to take pictures of animals in nature.

Wildlife Photography

Telephoto Lenses for Distance

For wildlife photography, a telephoto lens with a focal length of 200mm or more is a must. This lens helps you take pictures of animals from far away without bothering them. Telephoto lenses also help isolate the subject from its environment, making the animal stand out in the final image.

Specific Focal Lengths for Different Subjects

A 300mm or 400mm lens is great for taking pictures of birds and small animals. These lenses can get close-up shots without being too big. Big animals need a 600mm lens to take close-up photos from far away. The choice of focal length will largely depend on the type of wildlife you’re photographing and the environment you’re working in.

The Weight and Cost of Telephoto Lenses

Telephoto lenses can be heavy and cost a lot of money. Consider this if you plan on hiking or traveling for wildlife photography. If you do not plan on using a telephoto lens often, renting one may be a more cost-effective option. Additionally, investing in a good monopod or tripod can help manage the weight and stabilize your shots.

Macro Photography

Macro photography is a specialized genre that focuses on capturing small subjects in great detail. It shows small things, like bugs or flowers, up close to see their details.

macro photography

Understanding Magnification Ratios

Macro photography is all about capturing small subjects in great detail. You need a lens that magnifies 1:1 to make the subject look the same size on the sensor as it does in real life.

A macro lens makes small things look big in photos, showing tiny details you can’t see normally.

Popular Choices for Macro Lenses

A 100mm macro lens is a popular choice for macro photography. It is good for taking pictures of small creatures like insects because it has a nice distance between the lens and the subject. A longer focal length helps prevent shadows on the subject, which can happen with shorter macro lenses.

Longer Focal Lengths for Increased Magnification

For photographers looking to capture extreme close-ups, macro lenses with longer focal lengths offer even more magnification. Camera lenses that are between 150mm and 200mm are good for taking photos from far away. This is helpful when taking pictures of subjects that get scared easily or in places where you can’t get too close.

Street Photography

Street photography is a genre that focuses on capturing candid moments and everyday life in public places. The aim is to capture the important parts of a place, the people there, and what’s going on in the streets. Street photographers take pictures that show what everyday life is like in different cities. They want to capture the special details of each place and show the beauty that is all around us.

Street Photography

The Flexibility of Prime Lenses

When it comes to street photography, a versatile lens is key. A 35mm or 50mm prime lens is a great choice as it allows you to capture a range of subjects and scenes with ease. These lenses also have a wide aperture, making them ideal for low light situations.

When you use a fixed focal length lens, you’re encouraged to move around and interact with your surroundings. This can lead to more creative and engaging photos.

Wider Options for an Immersive Feel

If you want to capture a wider scene with more of the background, a 24mm or 28mm lens could work well. Street photographers can capture more of the surroundings and people in their photos with wide lenses. This helps to create a more complete story of the location. But sometimes, you need to get close to the subjects, even though it might not always be easy or possible.

Balancing Candid and Composed Shots

Street photography often involves a mix of candid moments and composed scenes. A versatile lens allows the photographer to quickly adapt to changing situations without the need to swap out lenses.

Choosing the right lens is important for getting the photo you want. The way you take a picture can change how it looks a lot, whether you’re close to a person’s face or far away from a building.

Sports Photography

Sports photography is when photographers take pictures during sports games. They try to capture exciting moments and fast movements. Sports photographers face challenges when taking photos inside or in dim lighting. Use lenses with image stabilization to prevent blurry photos when not using a tripod.

The Need for Speed and Length

Sports photography requires a fast and long lens to capture action shots from a distance. A telephoto lens with a focal length of 200mm or more and a wide aperture (f/2.8 or lower) is ideal for this type of photography. The big hole lets in more light, so you can take pictures quickly and get clear photos of fast things.

The Flexibility of Zoom Lenses

A 70-200mm lens is great for sports photographers because it can zoom in and out easily. This range of camera lenses works well for sports events. It helps photographers take pictures of the whole playing field and also close-up shots of players.

The f/2.8 aperture is usually constant throughout the zoom range, ensuring consistent exposure and depth of field control.

Considerations for Indoor and Low Light Conditions

Sports events often take place indoors or in low light conditions, which can be challenging for photography. Sometimes, a lens with IS can be really useful. It helps prevent blurry photos when you hold the camera by hand. Using a camera that works well in low light is helpful because you might need to use higher ISO settings.

Food Photography

Food photography is a specialized genre that focuses on capturing the details and textures of various dishes. Food photography aims to showcase the artistry and presentation of culinary creations through captivating images.

Food Photography

Capturing Details and Textures

Food photography is all about capturing the details and textures of your dishes. A lens with a focal length between 50-100mm and a wide aperture is ideal for this type of photography. These lenses let you focus up close and blur the background to make the food stand out.

The Flexibility of the 50mm Lens

A 50mm prime lens, often referred to as the perfect “normal” lens, is a budget-friendly option for food photography. The camera gives a view like we see with our eyes, making photos look natural and nice. The large opening lets in lots of light and makes things in the background blurry. It works great in dark restaurants too.

Macro Lenses for Extreme Close-Ups

For photographers looking to capture extreme close-up shots of food, a 100mm macro lens can provide even more detail. These lenses are made for taking close-up pictures of small things. They can focus very close, showing all the details of food in a fancy way.

Travel Photography

Landscape photography is a genre that focuses on capturing the beauty of nature and the environment. It involves taking pictures of wide expanses of land, mountains, forests, oceans, and other natural scenes. Landscape photographers often aim to convey the grandeur and serenity of the outdoors through their images.

travel photography

The All-Purpose Zoom Lens

When traveling, it’s best to have a versatile lens that can capture a variety of scenes and subjects. A 24-70mm lens is great for travel photos because it can take different types of pictures like landscapes, people, cities, and more. The flexibility allows you to pack less and not have to change lenses often, which is helpful when traveling.

Prime Lenses for Lightweight Travel

If you’re traveling light, a 35mm or 50mm prime lens can also be a good choice. These lenses are typically smaller and lighter than zoom lenses, making them easier to carry for long periods. They have big openings that help take clear pictures in all kinds of lighting, from bright outside to dark inside.

Environmental Portraits and Cultural Shots

Travel photography often involves taking portraits of people in their environment or capturing cultural events. A lens that can take wide and zoomed-in pictures is helpful for this. A 24-70mm lens can take wide shots of landscapes and can also zoom in for close-up portraits or detail shots.

Black and White Photography

Black and white photography is a timeless art form that focuses on capturing images without color. It emphasizes contrast, shapes, and textures, drawing attention to the play of light and shadow in a scene. Photographers often use lenses with good sharpness and contrast to create striking black and white images.

black and white photography

Importance of Contrast and Sharpness

For black and white photography, a lens with good contrast and sharpness is essential. Without color, the focus is on the contrast between different shades and the details in the image.

A 50mm lens is commonly used for black and white photos because it makes clear, undistorted images with sharp lines and shapes.

Wide Aperture for Depth and Mood

A big hole lets you take pictures in the dark and makes the background blurry. This works well in black and white photos, where light and shadow can set the mood and make the viewer focus on the subject.

Wider Lenses for a Broad Perspective

A 35mm lens is also a good option for black and white photography, especially when looking to capture a wider field of view. Street scenes, architecture, and landscapes can all benefit from the broader perspective that a 35mm lens provides. The wider angle can also add a sense of drama to an image, which can be especially compelling in black and white.

Concert Photography

Taking photos at concerts is hard and exciting. You have to snap pictures while the artists are performing in dim lighting and moving quickly. Photographers specializing in concert photography need to quickly adjust their camera settings to adapt to changing lighting situations.

Concert Photography

Challenges of Concert Photography

Concert photography often involves low light situations and fast-moving subjects, making it a challenging type of photography. Photographers need to be fast at changing their settings to take good pictures when the lighting changes quickly.

Ideal Lens Specifications

For taking clear pictures of people on stage, a lens with a wide opening (f/2.8 or lower) and a focal length of 70-200mm is best. The big hole lets in more light for the camera. This is important in dark places, like concert halls.

The zoom range provides flexibility, allowing photographers to frame their shots without disrupting the performance or the audience.

Telephoto Lenses for Distance Shooting

A telephoto lens with 200mm or more is good for shooting far away or in tight spaces. These lenses will enable you to capture close-up shots of the performers even from afar. But, they are heavy, so you might need a monopod or tripod to keep your shots steady.


When choosing a lens for your camera, consider your budget, the subjects you’ll be shooting, and the style of photos you want to capture. A prime lens with a wide aperture is good for lots of different photos. Some types of photography need specific lenses.

Ultimately, the best lens for you will depend on your personal preferences and shooting style.

Read Next: Top Cameras for Photography

Joepet Macariola is the visionary CEO of 'Photo Editing Company' at Cebu, bringing over 16 years of leadership and innovation to the photo editing industry. Under his guidance, 'Photo Editing Company' has grown from a small startup into a recognized company, known for its cutting-edge technology and exceptional customer service.

Joepet's career began in graphic design, where he quickly realized his passion for digital imagery and editing. He holds an Bachelor's Degree in Computer Science Major in Graphic Design from University of San Carlos. This has enabled him to drive 'Photo Editing Company' mission of providing top-tier photo editing solutions to clients ranging from individual photographers to large enterprises.

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