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Great Photos

How to Take Great Photos : Beginner’s Guide

Composition is how things are put in a photo. This is crucial for creating an aesthetically pleasing image. Good composition can guide the viewer’s eye, evoke emotions, and tell a story.

To take great photos, you need to learn how to position your subjects in different ways. This can include using the rule of thirds, leading lines, framing, symmetry, and patterns. Photographers can make nice pictures that capture attention, bring out emotions, and tell a good story by knowing these rules.

Background, negative space, depth of field, lighting, and balance are important for making a good photograph better. Photographers can improve their skills, take great photos, and impress their audience by following these simple tips.

4 Keys to Achieve Great Photos

  1. Mastering Composition Techniques

Rule of Thirds

Rule of Thirds

Picture your photo being split into three equal parts, both side to side and up and down, making nine squares.

Put your subject where the lines meet or on one of the lines to make the picture more exciting. This technique makes your photo more interesting by not putting the subject in the middle of the picture. It can make the photo look boring and not very engaging.

Leading Lines

leading lines

Leading lines are elements within a photograph that lead the viewer’s eye towards the subject. They can be natural lines such as roads, rivers, or fences, or man-made lines like paths or bridges. Utilizing leading lines can add depth and interest to your photo and is a powerful way to direct attention.



Framing involves using objects in the foreground to create a ‘frame’ around your subject. This can help to isolate your subject and draw the viewer’s eye directly to the point of interest. Trees, windows, and arches can help frame your composition well.

Symmetry and Patterns

Symmetry and Patterns

Symmetry and patterns can be visually appealing and are an excellent way to catch the viewer’s attention. Find balance in nature or organize your subjects to make a symmetrical picture and achieve great photos. Repeating patterns can also add interest and a sense of harmony to your photos.

Background Consideration


Pay close attention to what is behind your subject. A cluttered or distracting background can take away from the impact of your photo. Look for simple, unobtrusive backgrounds or use a shallow depth of field to blur the background and keep the focus on your subject.

Utilizing Negative Space

Utilizing Negative Space

Negative space is the area around and between the subjects of an image. Using empty space can make a simple and clean style that highlights the main thing. It can also add a sense of scale and context to your photograph.

Depth of Field

depth of field


Depth of field refers to the range of distance in a photograph that appears in focus. Photographers can control what viewers focus on by adjusting the depth of field in their photos.

Shallow Depth of Field

Shallow Depth of Field

A shallow depth of field makes only a small part of the photo clear. It’s commonly used in portrait photography to make the subject pop against the background. A wider aperture (lower f-stop number) will result in a shallower depth of field.

Deep Depth of Field


A deep depth of field can be useful for landscape photography, where you want everything in the frame to be in sharp focus. A smaller aperture (higher f-stop number) will result in a deeper depth of field, capturing detail throughout the image.

Controlling Aperture

Controlling Aperture

Adjusting the aperture on your camera or phone changes the depth of field. Learning how to adjust this is one of the biggest factor to achieve great photos. You can make a flower stand out in a field, or show a mountain range in clear detail.

Balance and Weight

balance and weight

Consider the visual balance of your photograph. Elements within the photo can carry ‘weight’ – for example, a large object or a bright color will draw more attention. Try to balance these elements so that the photo feels stable and visually pleasing.

  1. Lighting Techniques

Lighting is very important in photography. It can make or break a photo. The quality, direction, and color of light all play a significant role in the final image. Take great photos by understanding lighting techniques.

Golden Hour

Golden Hour

Golden hour refers to the hour after sunrise and the hour before sunset. During this time, the light is soft and warm, creating a beautiful and flattering glow, perfect for outdoor photography.

Blue Hour

blue hour

Blue hour is the time just before sunrise and just after sunset when the sky has a deep blue hue. This provides a cool and moody atmosphere for your photos, ideal for cityscapes and landscapes with artificial lighting.

Overcast Conditions

overcast conditions

Overcast skies act as a natural diffuser, softening the light and minimizing harsh shadows. This even light is excellent for capturing details and is particularly forgiving for portrait photography.

Direction of Light

Direction of Light

The direction from which the light hits your subject can dramatically change the mood of the photo. Front lighting means there are no shadows and looks good, while side lighting shows texture and shape. Backlighting can create silhouettes and a sense of depth.

Avoid Direct Sunlight


Direct sunlight can be harsh and unflattering. Try to find shaded areas to avoid strong shadows and too much sunlight, or take great photos when the sun is not shining directly overhead.

Reflectors and Diffusers

Reflectors and Diffusers

Using a reflector or a diffuser can help you manipulate the light. Reflectors bounce light onto the subject, filling in shadows, while diffusers soften the light for a more even exposure.

Use a Flash Wisely

Use a Flash Wisely

While natural light is usually preferred, a flash can be useful in low-light situations. When using a flash, try to avoid pointing it directly at your subject, as this can create harsh shadows.

Fill Flash

Fill Flash

Fill flash is used to make dark shadows on your subject brighter. It’s helpful on sunny days when harsh shadows can appear under the eyes or chin.

Bouncing Flash


By bouncing the flash off a wall or ceiling, the light looks softer and more like natural light. Direct flash can look too strong and harsh.

Off-Camera Flash

Off-Camera Flash

Using a flash off-camera lets you control where the light comes from and how it looks. It allows you to create more dynamic lighting setups that can dramatically improve your photography.

  1. Tips for Taking Great Photos

With a grasp of composition and lighting, you’re ready to take great photos. Here are some additional tips to help you hone your craft.

Get Closer

Get Closer

Fill the frame with your subject to create a more impactful photo. This can help get rid of distractions in the background and make your subject stand out in the picture.

Change Your Perspective

Change Your Perspective

Don’t be afraid to change your perspective. Shooting from different heights and angles can add a new dimension to your photos and make them more interesting.

Focus on the Eyes

Focus on the Eyes

When you take a picture of someone, focus on their eyes. It will make the picture more powerful and help the viewer feel a strong connection with the person in the photo. The eyes are often said to be the window to the soul, and sharp, clear eyes can bring a portrait to life.

Experiment with Different Settings


Learn what your camera or phone can do. Play with different modes and settings to discover new effects and improve your photography skills.

Pay Attention to the Moment


Sometimes the best pictures capture a fleeting moment. Always have your camera ready to take a picture. It could be of someone’s reaction or a bird flying away.

Take Multiple Shots


Digital photography allows you to take many pictures without the worry of wasting film. Experiment with different angles and compositions to find the best shot.

  1. Editing Your Photos

While capturing a great image is crucial, post-processing can enhance your photos even further. Here’s how to edit your photos for better results.

Crop Your Photos

Cropping can make your pictures look better by getting rid of things that don’t belong, moving your subject, and changing how everything looks. Use the rule of thirds as a guide for a more compelling composition.

Adjust the Exposure

Fine-tune the exposure to correct any lighting issues. Improve dark areas or soften bright spots.

Fine-Tune Color Balance

Color balance can affect the mood and realism of your photo. Adjusting the color temperature can warm up or cool down the overall look of your image.

Sharpen Your Images

Sharpening can bring out more detail and make your photo appear crisper. However, it’s important not to over-sharpen, as this can create an unnatural look.

Use Filters and Effects

Filters and effects can add an artistic touch to your great photos, but use them sparingly. Small changes usually look better than using strong filters too much.

Use Histograms for Better Exposure

Histograms help you see if your photos are too bright or too dark. They show the range of shades in your picture.


With these easy tips and techniques, you can take your photography to the next level. Remember to experiment  have fun and take great photos. The more you practice, the better you’ll become at capturing the perfect shot.

And don’t forget, sometimes great photos are the ones that break the rules and capture the unexpected. Happy shooting!

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